YINGLI was rated best amongst SolarNation for residential use because of its high efficiency and sleek design, specifically the Panda 60 Cell Series. It offers a variety of modules that one can customize to get the best possible outcome to supply your home or building. It has very low cost installation fee and produces a potential of 19.8% efficiency rating. Average levels are 17.2%, still being one of the highest on the market. Photo voltaic cells, or solar panels, absorbs light energy from the sun. This occurs when electors and electrical conductors are working simultaneously to form a circuit, and thus an electrical current.
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SOLAR GLASS & PAINT
Solar glass system is the combination of solar technology and standard window glass. The radiation isn’t allowed in as much, but at the moment the technology is only 1% efficient. The window is coated with a Low-emittance coating block, and are usually made up of layers of metal or metallic oxide on a glass surface. The cost will be about 40% more extra than original windows. Most of the time this coating is permanent and is designed to last for the life of the glass.
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Aquaponics is a zero waste closed loop system that involves the mixture of aquaculture and soilless vegetable production. A typical aquaponic unit contains fish and vegetable or fruit plants that form a symbiotic relationship through the recirculation of water. The cyclical system starts with bacteria enriched water produced from the natural biomass from fish that moves from the fish tank to the plant grow beds. The bacteria caused from the fish in the water passes through the plant beds and changes from ammonia which is toxic for the fish into nitrate a great source of nutrients for the plants. The grow beds act as a natural biofiltration system absorbing the bacteria and cleansing or recharging the water before it is sent back to the fish tank. The water can move through the system by the mixing of air and water pumps or even in some cases gravity to circulate. This is important because the water must move in order for the fish to breath properly.
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This hydroponics system utilizes some of the most efficient methods of growing plants. The system is comprised of a water reservoir, attached to a pump and anywhere from 6-24 buckets of medium to which the roots of the plants anchor onto. The pump, a specialized oxygenation system, pumps oxygenated fluid nutrients through the roots of the plants at 5-15 minute intervals. The maximum output from one of these systems is 1.5 lbs per sf per month or 18 lbs/sf/year. The cost to maintain 1 sf of this system is approximately $3.92 per year.
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The ideal source of water for human consumption is the naturally occurring and oxygenated Spring Water that has not been affected by Fracking, leaching of Metals, Industrial Pollution. However, in the absence of the “perfect” conditions, we must resort to Rainwater Harvesting as means of sourcing water, the reuse of Grey Water and the separation and composting of Black Water. Use of bio-remediation as the first round of filtration for Rainwater runoff is the first step by introducing Bacteria - killing Algae. A ten step filtration and re-mineralization process is then applied to the collected and recycled water in order for the highest quality of health.
For more details: www.biommachado.com/research
Aeroponics is the process of growing plants in nutrient rich water without the use of soil or aggregate. It differs from traditional hydroponics in that aeroponic culture does not use a growing medium. The basic technique in aeroponic growing is misting or spraying the plants’ roots with a compound of water and nutrient solution. The roots and plant are separated by a support structure that will hold the plant throughout the growth and budding stages. Aeroponic systems can be implemented indoors with use of artificial light sources. Because of these ideal growing conditions, (high concentration of nutrients and regulated lighting conditions) aeroponics can produce larger crops, at a faster rate, without pesticides.
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Algae Bioreactors are used for the cultivation of algaes. Specifically, microalgae are cultivated in enclosed photobioreactors, using enrich CO2 gathered from the air. This bioreactors can be used to produce fuels such as biodiesel and bioethanol. Furthermore, the algaes are also known for creating nutrients, medications and cosmetics because of its high content in protein and fat. Fundamentally, this kind of bioreactor is based on the photosynthesis reaction in which is performed by the algae itself using dissolved carbon dioxide and sunlight energy. Then, the carbon dioxide is dispersed into the reactor fluid to make it accessible for the algae.
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Biomass is put into MuckBuster, an A.D. (anaerobic digester). The smallest MuckBuster system supports half a ton of biomass with the largest supporting up to 2.5 tons. The MuckBuster’s 20 day process results in 3 bi-products: methane, carbon dioxide, and compost. In most cases, 60% of the gas bi-product is methane and 40% carbon dioxide. The bi-product Methane that comes from this process is called biogas. This biogas can now be burned for energy by a generator for electricity. When Methane is burned the exhaust gases are carbon dioxide and water (vapor). The heat from these exhaust gases can be used to create additional electrical energy without producing anymore emissions by using the General Electric’s 125kWH Clean Cycle Generator.
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Wind power is clean, plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, produces no green house gas emissions, and uses little land. Wind turbines take wind energy and turn it into power. A wind turbine can produce 6 million kwh in a year, This amount of energy is enough to power 1,500 average households. with electricity, The purchase and installation cost of a turbine powerful enough to power a single home is $30,000. By the year 2030, the amount of global electricity that could be supplied by wind power is 19%
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Plastic is a material that unfortunately cannot be recycled for energy, but it can be melted down and reused for other plastic products. With technology growing rapidly today, the use of 3D printing fits perfectly into a new innovative way of recycling plastics. Three engineering physics students at the University of British Columbia have already been working on this idea and have invented the ProtoCycler. The ProtoCycler is a 3D printing machine that is able to grind up all sorts of waste plastics and produce a perfectly clean spool of plastic filament. The possibilities of this new system can be endless. Products such as vertical gardens can be 3D printed to enhance the building's sustainability.
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Powerwall is a home battery designed as a compact, wall-hung system that can be hung in your garage for residential use. It can be charged using electricity generated from solar panels, or when utility rates are low, and then provides power to your home in the evening. Powerwall offers independence from the utility grid and the security of an emergency backup. Powerpack is a larger scale battery system (100 kWh of storage), meant for commercial applications vs the residential application of the Powerwall (7-10 kWh of storage).
For more details: www.biomvano.com/research
A composting and water treatment system which turns blackwater waste from toilets into compost and non-potable water. This system completely eliminates blackwater. It uses no mechanical or moving parts and works by separating 98% of a toilet’s flushwater from the solid fecal matter through centrifugal force and gravity. A UV light system eliminates any pathogens or bacteria from the separated flushwater allowing it to be used on nonfood plants as non-potable water.The fecal matter remains in the unit and is transformed into compost over time through natural aerobic processes. This compost can be used on a wide range of nonfood plants.
For more details: www.biomshareef.com/research
BiomFAU is a graduate level course taught by Olivia Ramos, in which each individual student will formulate a structure that functions off the grid. Collectively, imagining an infrastructure that communicates with buildings through data, rethinking and reestablishing the way architecture is designed. Focus will be given to the development of an innovative architectural prototype from systems that produce resources and are autonomous through the synthesis of financial analysis, research, development and technology.
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